Amoxicillin ( Amoxil )
Pharmaceuticals have developed many drugs used to treat bacterial infections. And one of the most famous and effective drugs of the class of antibiotics is amoxicillin. The medicine is used for various diseases, when it is necessary to eliminate the harmful microflora that causes them.
Description Of The Preparation
The drug refers to antibacterial bactericides. The principle of action of amoxicillin is based on the effect on specific enzymes, of which consists of cellular bacterial stam. Without these enzymes, the walls are destroyed, and bacteria die.
Amoxicillin is active against various types of microorganisms, both gram-positive and gram-negative. However, its action is far from universal, since there are microorganisms resistant to the action of amoxicillin. In particular, these are bacteria that can produce beta-lactamase, which neutralizes the antibiotic. Therefore, amoxicillin is often released in combination with clavulanic acid, which protects amoxicillin from the action of beta-lactamase.
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Bacteria On Which Amoxicillin Acts:
Amoxicillin is used to treat bacterial infections of the following organs:
upper respiratory tract (pharynx, nasopharynx, throat, tonsils),
lower respiratory tract (trachea, bronchi, lungs),
In Particular, The Doctor May Prescribe An Antibiotic For The Following Infectious Respiratory Diseases:
Amoxicillin reduces the manifestations of acute respiratory diseases and shortens the period of time required for recovery.
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Diseases Of The Genitourinary System, In Which Amoxicillin Can Be Prescribed:
Diseases Of The Gastrointestinal Tract, In Which Amoxicillin Is Used:
- typhoid fever,
- salmonellosis (including bacterial transport),
At What Infections Of A Skin And Soft Fabrics The Doctor Can Appoint Or Nominate Amoksitsillin:
- bacterial dermatosis.
Also, Amoxicillin Is Used To Treat The Following Ailments:
When combined with metronidazole, the drug can be used in the treatment of chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer. Both active components in this case are used to stop the multiplication of bacteria that cause these diseases. It is believed that amoxicillin inhibits the development of resistance of bacteria to metronidazole.
Reviews about the drug in most positive. Patients note its high efficiency, affordable price and a small number of side effects.
Amoxicillin Has Few Contraindications. The Main Contraindications Include:
- age up to 3 years,
- the first trimester of pregnancy,
- intolerance of amoxicillin and other penicillins,
- severe form of kidney failure,
- severe digestive system disorders,
- Infectious mononucleosis,
- lymphocytic leukemia,
- bronchial asthma,
- antibiotic-associated colitis in the anamnesis.
The Most Common Side Effects Are:
- changes in the composition of the blood (eosinophilia, leukopenia, neutropenia), anemia;
- colpitis (in women);
- allergic reactions (hyperemia, swelling, urticaria, dermatitis, anaphylactic shock);